/ Reading: 3 min.

6. Jul.
/ Germany
Mobility between effectiveness and efficiency
Don't worry, in this article we will not refresh the basics of business studies again. Rather, we would like to examine the extent to which the theory, which may already be somewhat dusty but is still valid and authoritative, can be combined with our daily practice, the transformation of public transport.

Because especially in times of increased cost pressure, concepts such as effectiveness and efficiency once again come into focus and often become the guiding premise for action.  

But how can these two principles now be applied to mobility? How can effective mobility be planned efficiently? Or is it the other way round? We enlighten! Remember: While effectiveness stands for «doing the right things», efficiency means «doing things right». What is right, in turn, depends on context and goal.   

Well, in times of climate change as one of the greatest economic, ecological, social and political challenges of our time, it seems to be right to promote sustainable approaches and concepts with regard to mobility. The answer to the question of the most effective solution is therefore for mobility providers, political institutions and users alike: green solutions for more mobility and less traffic are the means of choice.  

It remains to be examined how this effective goal can now be achieved in the best possible – and thus efficient – way. The efficiency factor focuses primarily on questions of effectiveness and cost-effectiveness. On the one hand, a transport system must be designed in such a way that it optimally meets actual needs. On the other hand, it must use the available resources in a precisely tailored manner to achieve maximum results at minimum cost.    

Mobility analyses and on-demand solutions for greater efficiency  

Practice has shown that above all extensions and innovations to the range of services, which have dealt with these issues in detail beforehand, meet the customer’s needs in the best possible way. In order to find an efficient mobility solution in terms of effectiveness, it is therefore first and foremost necessary to examine the mobility situation and needs on site. This can be done by means of a mobility analysis, which uses data, for example, geographical, traffic or socio-demographic information, which can be superimposed on one another to provide an overall picture of the traffic supply and demand.   

With this knowledge, concrete measures can now be implemented efficiently and accurately in terms of economic efficiency. It can be economically and ecologically profitable not to reinvent the wheel completely, but to look at the available resources in a different light. After all, maybe it is already enough to transform the timetable-based regular service, including (too) large containers, into a demand-oriented and flexible area-based service?   

In any case, a mobility analysis will provide conclusive indications of solutions such as this, which may ultimately culminate in the digitalization of existing solutions or the integration of on-demand services in an efficient, competitive and innovative transport system.   

The interplay of these two levels of the efficiency concept, namely the consideration of effectiveness as well as economic efficiency, ultimately enables the efficient achievement of effective mobility.  

Nuevo articulo

Car-free city: meaningful reform or wishful thinking?

Car-free city: meaningful reform or wishful thinking?

Looking at our society from a above perspective without any prior knowledge, it seems as if the idea of a planet with endless resources has strongly manifested itself in the minds of people. A prime example of this way of thinking is the current use of motorised individual transport. If I want to drive, I have a seat in my car, fill up the tank, fasten my seat belt, press the accelerator and drive off. This way of thinking is dangerous. Motorised individual transport requires that resources are consumed – for a car that weighs 1.5 tonnes on average, that means about 70 tonnes of material only in production. In addition, the car pollutes the environment with every use and takes up too much space, especially in large cities.

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Looking at our society from a above perspective without any prior knowledge, it seems as if the idea of a planet with endless resources has strongly manifested itself in the minds of people. A prime example of this way of thinking is the current use of motorised individual transport. If I want to drive, I have a seat in my car, fill up the tank, fasten my seat belt, press the accelerator and drive off. This way of thinking is dangerous. Motorised individual transport requires that resources are consumed – for a car that weighs 1.5 tonnes on average, that means about 70 tonnes of material only in production. In addition, the car pollutes the environment with every use and takes up too much space, especially in large cities.

Perspectives from Prof. Peter Eckart

Perspectives from Prof. Peter Eckart

Prof. Peter Eckart studied product design at the Bergische Universität GHS Wuppertal and later at the Hochschule für bildende Künste Hamburg. In 2000, he founded the design studio unit-design, Frankfurt, Bern, together with Bernd Hilpert, with whom he also works for the Deutsche Bahn. Since 2000 Peter Eckart has been Professor of Integrative Design at the HfG Offenbach and since 2011 Vice President of the University. His central research field is mobility design. Since 2018, he has been leading the interdisciplinary LOEWE research project with Prof. Dr. Kai Vöckler in the fields of urban and transport planning, social science mobility research, multimedia technologies and the design entitled project-mo.de, which focuses on the role of design in changing mobility behaviour.